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Ian Brown

Ian W. Brown (PhD Brown, 1979) is an archaeologist who specializes in the Indians of the southeastern United States. He has published widely on the history of archaeology, ethnohistory, prehistoric Indian culture history, settlement patterns, ceremonialism, ceramics, and various aspects of trade and technology, especially regarding the use of salt by Eastern Woodland populations. Most of his research has been in the Natchez-Vicksburg region of Mississippi, the southwest coast of Louisiana, and in the Mobile-Tensaw delta of Alabama. In recent years he conducted major excavations at the Bottle Creek site in Alabama, at the Anna site in Mississippi, and at the original Tabasco factory on Avery Island in Louisiana. Salt has continued to be a prime research concern for him over the past three decades. In 1999 Prof. Brown participated in a study of salt in the Three Gorges region of China and for the last several years he has been investigating historic and prehistoric salt production in England. See http://research.ua.edu/index.html for Chris Bryant’s article, “White Gold: Archaeologists Explore Salt’s Well Preserved Impact on Earlier Societies,” in UA's Online Research Magazine (2007).

Prof. Brown has also been directing "The Marking Graves Project", a long-term study of the historic and modern cemeteries of Tuscaloosa County in Alabama, which has involved many graduate and undergraduate students. Prof. Brown is Curator of Gulf Coast Archaeology at the Alabama Museum of Natural History.

Prof. Brown is a Distinguished Teaching Fellow (2004-07) of the College of Arts and Sciences, and he was also honored with the A&S Outstanding Commitment to Students Award in 2000. He was President of the Southeastern Archaeological Conference from 1992-94 and served three terms as Chair of the Society for American Archaeology National Historic Landmark Committee. Between 1999 and 2005 he also was a member of the National Historic Landmarks Committee of the National Park System Advisory Board.  Currently Prof. Brown is the President of the Association for Gravestone Studies.

Contact Dr. Brown at: ibrown@bama.ua.edu
Office: 416 Mary Harmon Bryant Hall
Phone: (205) 348-9758

Selected Publications

2010

Brown IW and V Steponaitis (Editors) The Peabody Man: Jeffrey P. Brain. Borgo Press, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

2010

Brown IW. Comparison of the Briquetage from Zhongba to Finds from the Essex Red Hills of Southeast England. In Salt Archaeology in China, Vol. 2: Comparative Studies, edited by Shuicheng Li and Lothar von Falkenhausen. Kexue chubanshe (Science Press), Beijing (in press).

2010

Brown IW. Festivals. In American Centuries: The Ideas, Issues, and Trends that Made U. S. History, Vol. 1, edited by Karen Kupperman. Facts on File, MTM Publishing, Inc. New York, New York (in press). 

2010

Brown IW. The Archaeology of Salt Springs in the Eastern Woodlands of the United States. In Salt Archaeology in China, Vol. 2: Comparative Studies, edited by Shuicheng Li and Lothar von Falkenhausen. Kexue chubanshe (Science Press), Beijing (in press).

2010

Brown IW. The Rhythm Night Club Fire of 1940 and the Watkins Street Cemetery, Natchez, Mississippi. AGS Quarterly 34(1) (in press).

2009

Brown IW. An Archaeological Survey in Clarke County, Alabama. Bulletin of the Alabama Museum of Natural History No. 26. The University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa.

2009

Brown IW. Interpretation at the Trowel’s Edge: A Consideration of Theory in Archaeology. In Advancing the National Park Idea: National Parks Second Century Commission Report. Appendix A: Cultural Resource and Historic Preservation Committee Information, pp. 43-53. National Parks Conservation Association (www.npca.org)

2009

Brown IW. The Olson House and Andrew Wyeth. AGS Quarterly 33(4):6-7.

2008

Brown IW. Culture Contact along the I-69 Corridor: Protohistoric and Historic Use of the Northern Yazoo Basin, Mississippi. In Time's River: Archaeological Syntheses in the Yazoo Basin and Lower Mississippi River Valley, edited by Janet Rafferty and Evan Peacock, pp. 357-394. The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

2008

Brown IW. Teaching Tombstones in Tuscaloosa County. Alabama Heritage No. 88, Spring, pp. 10-17.

2007

Brown IW. Bottle Creek Site. In Encyclopedia of Alabama. Alabama Humanities Foundation and Auburn University, Montgomery. http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org.

2007

Brown IW. Plaquemine Culture in the Natchez Bluffs Region of Mississippi. In Plaquemine Archaeology, edited by Mark Rees and Patrick Livingood, pp. 145-160. The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

2007

Brown IW. The Calumet Ceremony in the Southeast as Observed Archaeologically. In Powhatan’s Mantle: Indians in the Colonial Southeast, Rev. ed., edited by Gregory A. Waselkov, Peter H. Wood, and Tom Hatley, pp. 371-419. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London.

2006

Brown IW. The Pointed-base Pottery Cup Vessel Form: A Probable Tool of Salt Production. In Salt Archaeology in China: Ancient Salt Production and Landscape Archaeology in the Upper Yangzi Basin: Preliminary Studies. Vol. 1, edited by Shuicheng Li and Lothar von Falkenhausen, pp. 260-285. Kexue chubanshe (Science Press), Beijing.

2005

Brown IW. Calumets. In Tobacco in History and Culture, an Encyclopedia, edited by Jordan Goodman, pp. 103-105. Charles Scribner’s Sons, Farmington Hills, Michigan.

2005

Brown IW. Tennessee Miscellany, the Wolf River Cemetery of Pall Mall. In AGS Quarterly, Bulletin of the Association for Gravestone Studies, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 24-25.

2005

Brown IW. Virginia Miscellany, St. John’s Lutheran Church Cemetery in Wytheville. AGS Quarterly, Bulletin of the Association for Gravestone Studies, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 18-19.

2005

Dumas AA, and IW Brown. The Birthplace of Tabasco® Sauce: Excavations at the Laboratory, Avery Island, Louisiana. In The William G. (Bill) Haag Honorary Symposium, March 7–March 9, 2002, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, edited by Paul Farnsworth, Charles H. McNutt, and Stephen Williams (editors), pp. 199-219. The University of Memphis Anthropological Research Center Occasional Paper No. 26. Memphis.

2004

Brown IW. Cemetery Clean-ups, Stepping Stones to History. AGS Quarterly, Bulletin of the Association for Gravestone Studies, Vol. 28, No. 1, pp. 16-17.

2004

Brown IW. Prehistory of the Gulf Coastal Plain after 500 B.C. In Southeast, edited by Raymond D. Fogelson, pp. 574-585. Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 14, William C. Sturtevant, general editor. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.

2004

Brown IW. Some Grave Houses in West-central Alabama. AGS Quarterly, Bulletin of the Association for Gravestone Studies, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 14-15.

2004

Brown IW. Why Study Salt? Journal of Alabama Archaeology 50(1):36-49.

2003

Brown IW. (Editor) Bottle Creek, A Pensacola Culture Site in South Alabama. The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

2003

Brown, IW. Columbus, Mississippi—Inspiration for Memorial Day? Washington D.C.’s Historic Congressional Cemetery; Graveyard Tours; and Gravestones and Local History. AGS Quarterly, Bulletin of the Association for Gravestone Studies, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp. 17–18.

2003

Brown, IW. Gypsies in Louisiana; and Are You in Need of a Marker? AGS Quarterly, Bulletin of the Association for Gravestone Studies, Vol. 27, No. 2, pp. 17-18.

2003

Brown, IW. Working with Students in Cemeteries. AGS Quarterly, Bulletin of the Association for Gravestone Studies, Vol. 27, No. 3, p. 22.

1999

Brown IW. Contact, Communication, and Exchange: Some Thoughts on the Rapid Movement of Ideas and Objects. In Raw Materials and Exchange in the Mid-South, edited by Evan Peacock and Samuel O. Brookes, pp. 132-141. Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Archaeological Report No. 29. Jackson.

1999

Brown IW. Salt Manufacture and Trade from the Perspective of Avery Island, Louisiana. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology 24(2):113-151.

1998

Brown IW. Benjamin L. C. Wailes and the Archaeology of Mississippi. Mississippi Archaeology 33(2):157-191.

1998

Brown IW. Decorated Pottery of the Lower Mississippi Valley: A Sorting Manual. Mississippi Archaeological Association, Mississippi Department of Archives and History, Jackson.

1998

Brown IW. Fatherland Site. In Archaeology of Prehistoric Native America: An Encyclopedia, edited by Guy Gibbon, pp. 269-270. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York and London.

1998

Brown IW. Plaquemine Culture. In Archaeology of Prehistoric Native America: An Encyclopedia, edited by Guy Gibbon, pp. 657-659. Garland Publishing, Inc., New York and London.

1998

Brown IW. The Eighteenth-Century Natchez Chiefdom. In The Natchez District in the Old, Old South, edited by Vincas P. Steponaitis, pp. 49-65. Southern Research Report No. 11. Academic Affairs Library, Center for the Study of the American South, Research Laboratories of Archaeology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

1998

Fuller S., and IW Brown. The Mound Island Project: An Archaeological Survey in the Mobile-Tensaw Delta. Bulletin of the Alabama Museum of Natural History No. 19.